Considered the backbone of most Nepali folk music, the Madal is a typical Nepalese percussion instrument. The drum consists of a cylindrical body, it’s center has a slight bulge and the cylinder is closed on both ends. Typically, a wooden log is carved so as to form a hollow cavity. The madal is played horizontally and has a strand that goes around the waist of the person playing it. Playing technique involves rhythmic striking of either of the heads at each end with the palm of the hand. The heads vibrate to produce sound when struck. Also, the heads are not of the same size; the larger and the smaller heads are often referred to as male and female respectively. The madal is tuned using the strands that overlay the central body of the drum.